The multi integration mode of the 2 MP CMOS sensor from e2v used in the USB 3 uEye families opens up exciting new opportunities in machine vision.
In multi integration mode, the sensor is exposed multiple times within an image. As a result, extremely short integration durations within the set exposure time are possible, which can be used to capture even fast moving objects.
Until now, there were two ways of capturing an image like this for analyzing speed, for example: using either a high-speed flash or a high-speed camera. A high-speed flash is complex to install and is heavily dependent on the lighting conditions. A high-speed camera is extremely expensive and takes several images, which need to be included in the analysis.
The advantage of multi integration mode, compared to these two methods, is that it is easy to use, does not require a high-speed camera, and can even be used in critical lighting conditions. Furthermore, only a single image is needed for the speed analysis.
The speed analysis takes into account the length of the integration durations and the distance covered by the moving object. In addition, image processing software such as HALCON can be used to calculate the speed and whether the object speeds up or slows down.
Using multi integration mode
To use multi integration mode, you first have to enable the "Global shutter (multi integration)" shutter mode under Properties in the uEye Cockpit.
Click the "Multi integration settings" button to configure the default settings for multi integration mode in the next dialog.
The "Impulse source" area controls the integration duration using either the hardware or software. If you select the hardware option using one of the two general purpose I/Os, the exposure time is controlled by the duration of the trigger signal level. This enables you to alter the image brightness directly using an external electrical signal without needing to use any other software commands.
Click the "Show limits" button to open another window, which displays the values for the minimum and maximum integration durations, pause durations, etc. independently of the total frame exposure selected.
Multi integration mode allows multiple exposures to be made on just one image. This mode is therefore ideal for reducing motion blur and visualizing speed.
Multi integration mode can also be used to superimpose multiple exposures of a positional state in one shot for extremely short exposures and dark images associated with these. This allows summing to be carried out on dark images in cyclical processes.
Multi integration mode is especially suitable for use in ITS for automatic number plate recognition as well as in the sports and medical fields or particle analysis/tracing.